Even though 2050 lies far in the future, government and business project what scenarios they might face by then. Futurologists aim to spot trends and challenges ahead of time, so that we can prepare for them.
Malthus could be called a futurologist. In this briefing, we will look at trends extrapolated from his food production variable.
It will be argued that, while economic changes, urbanisation, technological advancement and environmental degradation all influence consumption and resource-availability, population growth determines the severity of the influence of each factor.
A look at the different population projection variants shows that both quality of life and the cost of living are best safeguarded when Britain experiences low population growth. Consequently, it is clear that seeking population stabilization at a sustainable level must be included in future government policies.
Because the challenges of the future are not geographically confined, the UK will have to promote population stabilization beyond its borders as well as within. Only when the global population size stabilizes at a sustainable level, is a truly sustainable future possible. If it does not, conflicts caused by scarcity and poverty will drive millions to migrate, making it more difficult for Britain to manage its population size.