Population Matters

Facts

Facts

Key facts

Global

  • Resource scarcity has caused at least 18 conflicts since 1990
    Publication date: 2012

    Source: UN

  • 300,000 women died from ‘maternal causes’ in 2015
    Publication date: 2016
    Source: WHO
  • Worldwide, one in four young women were child brides
    Publication date: 2016
    Source: UNICEF
  • Over half of vertebrate species have been lost since 1970
    Publication date: 2014
    Source: WWF
  • The world could have 200 million climate refugees by 2050
    Publication date: 2007
    Source: UNDP
  • Demand for water is growing by 60 billion cubic metres per year
    Publication date: 2014
    Source: UN
  • Air pollution caused seven million premature deaths globally in 2012
    Publication date: 2015
    Source: WHO
  • Two billion people will face absolute water scarcity by 2025
    Publication date: 2013
    Source: UN
  • The global demand for energy will be one third higher by 2040
    Publication date: 2014
    Source: IEA
  • 800 million people live in extreme poverty
    Publication date: 2015
    Source: UN
  • Each year of school attendance cuts the Nigerian birth rate by one tenth
    Publication date: 2007
    Source: NBER
  • The Earth’s per capita capacity to meet human needs and regenerate itself fell by half between 1961 and 2007
    Publication date: 2014
    Source: Living Planet Report

United Kingdom

  • The average age in the UK has increased by six years since 1974
    Publication date: 2015
    Source: ONS
  • The cost of a child in 2014 was £150,000
    Publication date: 2014
    Source: CPAG
  • The UK’s population could exceed 70 million by 2027
    Publication date: 2015
    Source: ONS
  • Pollinating insects save UK farmers £440m per year, but are declining due to human impact
    Publication date: 2011
    Source: HM Gov.
  • A million households in the UK are overcrowded
    Publication date: 2014
    Source: ONS
  • Renewables provide one fifth of the UK’s electricity
    Publication date: 2015
    Source: Renewable UK
  • 19 million people in the UK are living in poverty
    Publication date: 2015
    Source: GOV

Key sources

Links to key population facts are set out below.

Key Facts, Population Matters

Global population summary, United Nations Population Division

Population prospects hub, United Nations Population Division

European statistics, Eurostat

UK population, Office for National Statistics

World population policies, United Nations Population Division

Family planning, United Nations Population Division

For more facts, see Datasets and infographics.

Next: Myths