Men show increasing interest about family planning and contraception due to the financial challenges of raising large families. This concern has increased spousal communication about family size and contraceptive use.
The next step is to effectively translate intention into practice. Supply side issues are the main factors hindering couples’ adoption of family planning and must be addressed. In addition, men’s positive attitudes and their readiness to be involved in family planning programs suggest it is an ideal time for direct health interventions for men in Punjab. A focused effort to mobilize men through male-specific interventions is likely to increase the demand for contraceptives. However, these interventions have to be backed up by an improvement in the supply of contraceptives and availability of family planning services in accessible facilities.