Population Matters

25% of 2011 UK births by overseas women

25% of 2011 UK births by overseas women

The total fertility rates (TFRs) of non-UK born women in England and Wales were the same in 2001 and 2011 (2.21 in both years respectively), while the TFR of UK-born women increased by around 18% (from 1.56 in 2001 to 1.84 in 2011).

Women living in England and Wales born in Africa had a TFR of 2.76 in 2011, the highest TFR of women living in England and Wales born in any world region. Women born in Oceania had the lowest TFR of 1.39.

Women born in Poland living in England and Wales were the non-UK born group having the most births overall in 2011 (20,500). However their TFR in 2011 of 2.13 was below the non-UK born average.

Of the top 10 most common non-UK countries of birth for women giving birth in 2011, three (Germany, South Africa and China) had a lower TFR than UK born women.

Women born in Romania and the Czech Republic living in England and Wales had the highest TFRs of any EU country of birth (2.93 and 2.77 respectively), though in 2011 these countries of birth accounted for only a relatively small number of births (3,500 and 1,600 respectively). Women born in Greece and Italy had the lowest TFRs of any EU country of birth (1.20 and 1.11 respectively).

Some non-UK born populations had a higher fertility rate in England and Wales than in their origin countries, while others had lower. This does not follow a clear geographical pattern.

The TFR gives a good indication of the current intensity of childbearing among women born in different countries, but is not necessarily a good predictor of completed family size.

Office for National Statistics

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